What is Visual Information Processing?

Dr. Russel Lazarus, June 15, 2021

Have you been told your child has difficulties with their Visual Information Processing?

How can optometrists help?

Visual information processing (VIP) describes the way the brain processes visual information – this includes all information from a child’s reading, computer, sports, facial cues and social interactions.

Visual processing difficulties affect many students diagnosed with reading and learning disabilities, dyslexia and ADD/ADHD.

If you are concerned your child’s school grades, vision therapy maybe the solution, contact an eye doctor near you.

SEE RELATED: Introduction to Visual Processing

Find a vision therapy eye doctor near you

What are VIP difficulties?

There are several different types of visual processing difficulties, each with its own symptoms. An individual can have more than one type of visual processing difficulty.

1. Visual discrimination

Visual discrimination is the ability to recognize similarities and differences between shapes, sizes, objects, colors and patterns.

2. Visual figure-ground

Figure-ground perception is the ability to filter visual information that isn’t immediately relevant  so that you can focus on the relevant visual information.

3. Form constancy 

Form constancy is a visual perceptual skill that allows you to understand that a form, shape or object stays the same even when it changes its size, position or is in a different environment.

4. Visual closure

Visual closure is a visual perceptual skill that allows you to know what an object is even when the object is only partially visible.

5. Visual memory

Visual memory is the ability to immediately recall what the eye has seen.

6. Visual sequential memory

Visual sequential memory is the ability to remember and recall a sequence of objects and/or events in the correct order.

7. Visual motor integration

Visual motor integration is the ability to interpret visual information and respond with a motor action.

Signs VIP difficulties?

The most common signs of VIP difficulties include:

  • Slow reading speed
  • Difficulties with spelling
  • Confusing similar looking words
  • Reading words backwards
  • Writing letters or numbers backwards
  • Reduced math skills
  • Poor reading comprehension
  • Messy handwriting
  • Confusion of letters and numbers

      How can vision therapy help?

      A vision therapy treatment program can improve a child’s visual processing abilities through eye exercises that help retrain the eyes and brain to work together.

      LEARN MORE: Guide to Vision and Learning Difficulties

      Schedule an eye exam with a vision therapy eye doctor near you who can diagnose and treat any vision problems your child may have.